August 2018 | 上海夜生活,上海夜生活网,上海夜网论坛

Mexican judge says probe into 2014 killings inadequate: rights center

ME,上海夜生活论坛Mackay,XICO CITY ( ) – A Mexican judge said the country’s attorney general has not “exhaustively, adequately and effectively” investigated the extrajudicial executions of 22 people allegedly committed by,上海夜网Hana, the military in 2014, a human rights organization said on Sunday.

The Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez Human Rights Center (Prodh) said the judge ordered the attorney general’s office to “carry out a series of proceedings to immediately clarify the case and establish responsibilities, including the chain of command involved in the illegal order to shoot” the victims.

“This lack of due diligence is one of the many forms taken by the unacceptable cover up of serious human rights violations in Mexico,” said Prodh, which represents a survivor of the shooting, Clara Gomez Gonzalez.

Federal judge Erik Zabalgoitia Novales said the inadequate investigation was a violation of the victims’ rights, according to Prodh.

The attorney general’s office and Federal Judiciary Council did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

A military tribunal in 2016 pardoned six of seven soldiers allegedly involved in killing the 22 suspected cartel henchmen in Tlatlaya, a s爱上海mall town a couple of hours southwest of Mexico City.

Authorities said at the time that those killed were members of a cartel and that the armed forces acted in self defense.

Later, international media organizations reported that there was evidence the killings were extrajudicial, and Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission later echoed that conclusion.

Written by shyw on August 15, 2018 Categories: ueusmhjgys Tags: , ,

Connecticut becomes first state to pass $10.10 minimum wage

MILFORD, Connecticut ( ) – Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy on Thursday signed into law a measure that will phase in the highest minimu,上海夜生活论坛Ignacio,m wage of any U.S. state, in line with a push by Democrats nationwide to raise the entry-level wage.

The bill, which was approved by state legislators a day earlier, will raise the state’s minimum hourly rate to $10.10, a figure that matches what U.S. President Barack Obama has asked Congress to consider imposing nationally.

Malloy signed the legislation on Thursday evening in the same New Britain diner where he appeared earlier this month with Obama and three other New England governors: Deval Patrick of Massachusetts, Peter Shumlin of Vermont and Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island. All are Democrats who have pushed to raise the minimum wage in their states.

New Britain, located in the center of the state, has been hard hit by the economic downtown with the household median income at about $35,000, compared with the statewide median of


“This is just a step in moving people in the right direction,” Mall爱上海419oy said in signing the bill. “We will be lifting people out of poverty in the state of Connecticut. Increasing the minimum wage is not just good for workers, it’s also good for business,” he added.

Connecticut’s Speaker of the House Brendan Sharkey, also a Democrat, said: “Raising the minimum wage helps people who need it most, is good for the economy and is the right thing to do.”

State House Republican spokesman Patrick O’Neil said his party opposed the measure because it does not believe the bill will help create jobs in a state with an unemployment rate of 7.2 percent, above the national average.

“This is just politics in an election year and isn’t going to lift anyone out of poverty,” O’Neil said.

“In Bridgeport, the state’s largest city, there is a 50 percent unemployment rate among teens ages 16-19. If they can’t get a job at $8.70 an hour, what will it be like when the rate goes up?” he said. “This is just going to cause employers who create jobs in the state to hire even fewer people.”

Obama’s call for a higher national minimum wage has failed to win the backing of the Republican-controlled U.S. House of Representatives.

The Congressional Budget Office said in a report released last month that raising the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour nationally would reduce total employment by some 500,000 workers.

Connecticut’s minimum wage currently stands at $8.70 per hour, and the bill will be phased in to $10.10 over three years. The current highest state minimum wage in the United States is Washington’s $9.32, above the $7.25 federal minimum.

Malloy is up for re-election th,上海夜网Caden,is year and state Republicans have called the measure a politically influenced move.

Quake damage to Indonesia’s Lombok exceeds $342 million as deaths…

JAKARTA ( ) – Indonesia’s holiday island of Lombok suffered damage running into more than 5 trillion rupiah ($342 million) from last week’s huge earthquake, authorities said on Monday, as the death toll climbed to more than 430.

More than 350,000 people fled their homes after the 6.9-magnitude quake to shelter in government-provided tents or makeshift structures in open fields. Authorities say aid is slow in getting to ,上海夜生活桑拿会所Sandford,some of the hardest-hit areas as they are remote.

“The damage and losses are huge,” Sutopo Nugroho, the spokesman of Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency, said in a statement.

“It will take trillions of rupiah…and a lot of time to heal the lives of the people and the economy of Nusa Tenggara Barat,” he said, referring to the province home to Lombok.

Residential homes and public infrastructure suffered the bulk of the damage, he added.

On Monday, President Joko Widodo visited the island, which lies just east of Bali, the southeas爱上海t Asian country’s most famous tourist destination, for the second time since a slightly smaller quake on July 29.

He ha,上海夜生活论坛Bea,s called for search operations and relief efforts to be stepped up.

“I have ordered that the evacuation of victims who have not yet been found be made a priority,” Widodo said in a statement at the weekend.

($1=14,600.0000 rupiah)

Thomas Markle fears he won’t see royal daughter Meghan again: Sun

LONDON ( ) – Thomas Markle has not spoken to his daughter Meghan since her star-studded wedding to Britain’s Prince Harry and fears she will not contact him again, the Sun newspaper reported on Monday.

“I don’t expect to see her or hear back from her and that’s OK,” the British tabloid quoted him as saying.

Former U.S. actress Meghan, 37, now the Duchess of Sussex, married Harry, Queen Elizabeth’s grandson and sixth-in-line to the throne, in a glittering ceremony at Windsor Castle in May.

However, the immediate build-up to the wedding was overshadowed by her father, a former lighting director for U.S. TV soaps and sitcoms, who pulled out days beforehand after undergoing heart surgery.

It also emerged that he had staged photos wi,上海夜生活Beckett,th a paparazzi photographer which contributed to the furor around him ahead of the wedding.

In an interview with another British tabloid The Mail on Sunday, Markle, who lives in Mexico, said how he had hung up the phone on Harry, 33, before the w,上海夜生活论坛Hamilton,edding after the prince berated him over the staged pictures.

He told the Sun that since talking to the media after the wedding to give his account, he had heard nothing from his daughter and he believed he had been “locked out for ever” by the British royals.

“I’ve had no way of contacting her. The phone num上海龙凤419ber I called doesn’t work any more. The liaison with the royal family never answers back and there’s no address I can write to,” Markle said in video clips on the Sun website.

He said he missed his daughter and wanted to be part of her life.

“I would like my relationship with Meghan to be like father and daughter like we’ve always been,” he said. “I would like to put our differences behind us and get together. I miss you veery much. If I have a message to Harry, is, get over it, I’m your new father-in-law.”

Harry’s office, Kensington Palace, said it had no comment on the interviews.

Fatal crashes reveal plight of Italy’s African laborers

FOGGIA, Italy ( ) – Smears of blood and oil mark the spot on the road where a van full of migrant farm laborers slammed into an oncoming truck and somersaulted across the tarmac on Aug. 6, killing 12 of the men packed inside.

Just 48 hours earlier, a near identical crash on a neighboring road killed four other African workers as they too returned home from a grueling day harvesting tomatoes in this sun-roasted corner of southern Italy.

The twin tragedies – so close together and with such a high death toll – have brought into focus the dire working and living conditions imposed on thousands of migrant farmhands whose cut-price labor allows Italy to be one of the biggest fruit and vegetable exporters in Europe.

Ludovico Vaccaro, the magistrate investigating the Aug. 6 deaths, says rampant exploitation of foreign laborers has gone largely unc,上海夜网Hart,hecked for years. “They should rebel, but they are so poor they have to accept the unacceptable,” he told .

The multiple deaths have come at a time of rising anti-immigration sentiment in Italy, with the newly installed government moving to halt the arrival of migrants to the country and promising mass deportations for those already here.

Many of those toiling in the fields of Italy’s Puglia region have been here for years, no closer to integrating into local society than the day they arrived by boat from Libya.

“I arrived in Italy on Aug. 26, 2013. I haven’t created any problem, I don’t have a criminal record, I didn’t come here for fun. I just want to work,” said Sutay Darboe, 42, from Senegal.

“Do Italians have any idea how we are treated? Do they even care?” he said, taking a precious day off work to travel round various hospital morgues looking for the body of a relative of his who died in the Aug. 6 crash.

Darboe, tall a,上海夜生活论坛Nadine,nd thin, wearing pink-rimmed glasses, was a distant cousin of Alasanna Darboe, a 28-year-old Gambian. They had worked together in the fields to make money to send home.

“He was a good man. A pious man. He had a wife and two children. They don’t know he is dead yet.”


The other dead came from Nigeria, Mali, Guinea, Ghana and Morocco. There is no suspicion of foul play in the crash, but Vaccaro believes the men were victims of the so-called “caporalato” system which exploits farm workers across Italy.

Rather than employing pickers directly and putting them on regular contracts, farmers turn to caporali, or gangmasters, who gather the laborers from various camps and ghettos that dot the countryside and drive them to the fields in overcrowded vans.

These middlemen hand out the wages, keeping a handsome share for themselves, migrants say. Several workers said that although they had signed contracts that promised them more than 5 euros ($5.71) an hour, in the end they got between 3.0-3.5 euros.

“You can earn about 35 euros a day, but you have to pay 5 euros for the transport,” said Njie, a 23-year-old Gambian who only gave his surname. “It is donkey work. White men check the plants and start yelling if just one tomato is left unpicked.”

Puglia labor accords stipulate that employers must pay for transport and say workers should spend a maximum 39 hours a week in the fields for a minimum salary of around 50 euros a day.

Migrants say they put in much longer hours than that. They also have to bring their own food and water and are allowed only brief breaks even as temperatures soar to 40C (104°F) on the bleak Puglia plains, which lie far from the tourist trail.

Italy introduced a law in 2016 aimed at eliminating the caporalato phenomenon, but it has had little apparent impact.

The prosecutor Vaccaro blamed this failure on a lack of police, labor inspectors and magistrates to enforce the law, as well as limited cooperation from the victims themselves.

“In order not to lose the chance of work, however bad it may be, the migrants don’t talk,” he上海419论坛 said.

Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, who is head of the far-right League, said mafia groups controlled much of the farm labor system in the region.

Farmers’ associations claim that many laborers are employed legally, but, in a tacit acknowledgment that pay is kept to a minimum, they also accuse major retailers of imposing low prices for their tomatoes and squashing margins.

“Prices of (canned) tomatoes have remained virtually unchanged since 1985, while the cost of production has risen,” said Gianni Cantele, head of the farmers’ group Coldiretti in Puglia. “When you buy a bottle of tomato pulp you pay more for the bottle than you do for the contents.”


Coldiretti says 345,000 foreigners from 157 countries work in agriculture, helping to harvest every fruit and vegetable grown here, from oranges to apples, from grapes to olives. But tomato is the predominant crop and is known locally as “red gold”.

The World Processing Tomato Council says Italy will overtake China this year to become the world’s second largest producer of processed tomatoes after the United States. The export of tomatoes generated 1.6 billion euros in 2017.

The business is built on the backs of men like Idrissa Diassy, a 24-year-old from Senegal who accuses the industry of taking advantage of migrants, many of whom can’t go back home because of war, political persecution or lack of any papers.

“They treat us like slaves. We cannot go anywhere else. We aren’t allowed into other places in Europe. It is a trap.”

Diassy is lucky, to the extent that he lives in an official, albeit overcrowded and decrepit refuge for migrants, which has running water and electricity.

It was set up last year after a nearby camp, known as the Great Ghetto, was bulldozed by the authorities following a fire that killed three migrants.

But with accommodation at a premium, the ghetto has risen again from the rubble – a shanty town of tiny shacks made of corrugated iron and wooden planks. Home to up to 1,000 people, it has zero amenities.

Coming down to Foggia in the wake of the road deaths, Salvini vowed to close the ghettos.

“It is not possible that in a progressive society such as ours ghettos should still exist,” he told reporters, without saying where the shanty-town dwellers should go instead.

African laborers themselves see little chance that their lot will improve in a country where integration has proved notoriously difficult, even for those whose asylum requests are accepted and receive work papers.

Mahamadou Sima, who is from Mali and lives in the ghetto, has the right to work in Italy, but his efforts to get a regular job have failed, forcing him to stay in the fields.

“If you go for a job in Italy, you don’t stand a chance if you are black,” said Sima, describing how he had traveled to the northern city of Bologna to apply for a position in a cleaning company.

“I handed over my CV. I have all the papers you need, but the person in the firm threw my application in the bin. It broke my heart.”

($1 = 0.8764 euros)

California senate suspends three lawmakers in criminal probes

( ) – The California state Senate suspended three Democratic lawmakers on Friday who have been the subject of criminal probes, including Leland Yee, who was arrested this week in an FBI sweep on corruption and gun trafficking charges.

The Senate voted 28-1 to suspend the three, all of whom have been charged with or convicted of criminal wrongdoing in separate cases, in a move that further erodes what had once been a Democratic two-thirds super-majority in the Senate.

“An affirmative suspension puts this house on formal record that we unequivocally distance ourselves and the senate from the unfathomable allegations contained in the Yee indictment as well as the other case,” California Senate Democratic leader Darrell Steinberg said during the meeting.

The suspensions with pay, the first in state history from the senate, deal a major blow to Democrats in an election year as they seek to use large majorities in both houses of the stat,上海夜生活论坛Elias,e legislature and all statewide offices to push through key projects. A spokesman for Steinberg said the suspensions would take effect immediately.

Yee, a former San Francisco supervisor and one-time mayoral candidate, was criminally charged in federal court in San Francisco on Wednesday with two felony counts of conspiring to import and traffic in firearms, and six corruption counts.

A day later, he withdrew from a race for California Secretary of State where he had been considered a strong candidate to become California’s chief elections officer. Yee has been released on $500,000 bond.

In the probe that led to Yee’s arrest, federal authorities also arrested Raymond “Shrimp Boy” Chow, alleged to be the head of a Chinese organized crime syndicate, and two dozen other people, pr上海419论坛osecutors said.

A criminal complaint from the U.S. Attorney’s office for the Northern District of California says that Yee, in ex,上海夜生活Odessia,change for campaign contributions, did favors for an undercover FBI agent.

Yee offered to facilitate a meeting between an undercover agent and an arms dealer, and discussed the types of weapons the undercover agent might need, the complaint said. Yee has declined to comment on the case.


The senate also suspended fellow senators Ron Calderon, who was indicted last month on corruption charges, and Rod Wright, who has been found guilty of voter fraud. Both had already been on paid leaves of absence.

Calderon is charged in a federal grand jury indictment with taking some $100,000 in cash bribes, along with plane trips, golf outings and jobs for his children, in exchange for influencing legislation.

Prosecutors say he accepted bribes from hospital owner Michael Drobot to preserve a legislative loophole that allowed Drobot, who is cooperating with prosecutors, to defraud the state healthcare system out of hundreds of millions of dollars.

Calderon is also accused of taking money from undercover FBI agents posing as executives from an independent Hollywood movie studio in exchange for supporting an expansion of film tax credits in California.

Wright, who represents parts of Los Angeles and the suburb of Inglewood, was convicted in January of voter fraud and perjury after prosecutors said he did not reside in the district he represented.

He had previously been granted a paid leave of absence on the grounds that while he had been found guilty by a jury, the judge in the case had not yet formally endorsed the verdict.

Friday’s suspension measure was opposed by Republican Senator Joel Anderson, who favored expelling the senators rather than suspending them with pay.

“What we’re doing is incentivizing bad behavior with this resolution,” Anderson said.

Obama says U.S. military strikes could not have stopped Syria misery

WASHINGTON ( ) – The United States could not have stopped the humanitarian crisis in,上海夜生活桑拿会所Jade, Syria with military strikes, President Barack Obama said in a television interview airing on Friday, and said U.S. troops had reached their limits after long wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Obama was asked in an interview with CBS Evening News anchor Scott Pelley wheth上海419论坛er he regretted not applying U.S. force in Syria, where the three-year civil war has killed more than 140,000 people and displaced millions.

“It is, I think, a false notion that somehow we were in a position to, through a few selective stri,上海夜生活论坛Hampton,kes, prevent the kind of hardship that we’ve seen in Syria,” Obama said.

“It’s not that it’s not worth it. It’s after a decade of war, you know, the United States has limits,” he said.

Obama said the United States would have a hard time committing to putting troops on the ground in Syria, a commitment he said could have lasted “perhaps another decade.”

American troops have been involved in a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan.

“And it’s not clear whether the outcome in fact would have turned out significantly better,” Obama said.

The interview was recorded before Obama flew to Saudi Arabia where he discussed the Syrian conflict with Saudi king Abdullah.

Jeremiah Denton, Vietnam War POW and U.S. senator, dies

WASHINGTON ( ) – Jeremiah Denton, a former U.S. senator who was held as a prisoner of war by North Vietnam for more than seven years and revealed his treatment by blinking the word “torture” in Morse code during a televised interview, died on Friday at age 89.

Denton died at a hospice facility in Virginia Beach, Virginia, from a heart ailment, his family said.

The retired Navy rear admiral was elected in 1980 as Alabama’s first Republican senator in 112 years and earned a reputation ,上海夜生活论坛Carla,as one of the Senate’s most conservative members before being defeated in his 1986 re-election bid. President Ronald Reagan lauded him that year as “a national treasure.”

President Barack Obama said in a statement that Denton “leaves behind a legacy of heroic service to his country.”

“The valor that he and his fellow POWs displayed was deeply inspiring to our nation at the time, and it continues to inspire our brave men and women who serve today,” Obama said.

Denton was most famous for spending seven years and seven months as a Vietnam War POW after his plane was shot down during a bombing mission from the aircraft carrier USS Independence in 1965. Imprisoned in brutal conditions in and around Hanoi, Denton encouraged fellow American prisoners to resist their North Vietnamese captors.

Ame,上海夜生活桑拿会所Bart,rican POWs were sometimes paraded in propaganda films and in 1966, the captive Denton was interviewed for such a film – it later aired on U.S. television – apparently in the hope that he would denounce the U.S. war policy.

“Well, I don’t know what is happening,” he told his interviewer. “But, whatever the position of my government is, I support it fully. And whatever the position of my government is, I believe in it – yes, sir. I’m a member of that government and it is my job to support it. And I will as long as I live.”

During the interview, he pretended to have light sensitivity that caused him to blink his eyes. What he was actually doing was blinking in Morse Code to spell out “t-o-r-t-u-r-e.”

Denton said later his torture increased after the interview was aired. He spent four years in solitary confinement, including two years in a cell the size of a refrigerator. He was 41 when he was captured and 48 when released.

Denton, one of the highest-ranking U.S. officers to become a POW in Vietnam, was a Navy commander at the time of his capture and was promoted to captain while imprisoned.

He was among the first U.S. POWs released by the North Vietnamese in February 1973 under the Paris Peace Accords.


“We are honored to have had the opportunity to serve o上海龙凤419ur country under difficult circumstances,” Denton said after he stepped off the first plane to arrive at a U.S. base in the Philippines. “We are profoundly grateful to our commander in chief and to our nation for this day. God bless America.”

He was later promoted to rear admiral and headed the Armed Forces Staff College in Virginia until retiring from the U.S. military in 1977. He wrote a book about his time as a prisoner, “When Hell Was in Session”. It was made into a 1979 TV movie with Hal Holbrook portraying Denton.

Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona, another former Vietnam War POW who went on to leave his mark in U.S. politics, recalled Denton as “my friend and mentor.”

“As a senior ranking officer in prison, Admiral Denton’s leadership inspired us to persevere, and to resist our captors, in ways we never would have on our own. He endured unspeakable pain and suffering because of his steadfast adherence to our code of conduct,” McCain said in a statement on Friday.

Republican Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama on Friday called Denton “a man of grit and character that can’t be manufactured.”

Former Republican Senator Pete Domenici, who served with Denton in the Senate, added, “He brought an experience and credibility with him that immediately established him as the kind of American who was willing to do everything he could to help the country, putting his own interests second.”

Denton, a devout Roman Catholic and the father of seven, became disenchanted after his release with what he viewed as a decline in American values including drug use, legalized abortion and pornography. He was elected to the U.S. Senate from his native Alabama, serving from 1981 until 1987.

As a senator, Denton was a strong backer of Reagan’s efforts to support rebels fighting Nicaragua’s leftist government. He also worked to limit government funding of abortions and to let religious groups use public school property on equal footing with other groups.

He was defeated in 1986 by Richard Shelby, a Democratic congressman who later became a Republican.

“I’m not a right-wing nut,” Denton said in a 1980 magazine article. “But politics is like a pendulum. We have a conservative swing in this country, and it is time to act. Citizens have their own self-respect and want this nation to regain hers.”

Denton’s wife of more than 60 years, Jane, died in 2007.

Merkel, Putin to discuss Syria, Ukraine and energy

BERLIN ( ) – Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Vladimir Putin will discuss the war in Syria, the conflict in east Ukraine and a disputed pipeline to bring Russian gas to Germany during talks near ,上海夜生活Karina,Berlin on Saturday, a German government spokesman said.

The two leaders, who last met in May, will each make statements at 1600 GMT before the start of the talks at the Meseberg palace outside the German capital, said S,上海夜生活桑拿会所Quinby,teffen Seibert, adding that Merkel and Putin would take no questions.

“You could expect the talks to focus on bilateral relations, and certainly the issue of the Syrian conflict as well as the situation in east Ukraine and energy,” he said on Monday.

Germany wants Russia to finalize a ceasefire in Syria with the United States as well as to solve the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where the Kremlin backs separatists against Ukrainian government forces.

Relations between the two countries have also been strained by the Nord Stream 2 project that will carry gas direct from Russia under the Baltic Sea to Germany.

The United States says the project will increase Germany’s dependence on Russia for energy. Ukraine fears the pipeline will allow Russia to cut it off from the gas transit busine上海419论坛ss. Germany’s eastern European neighbors, nervous of Russian encroachment, have also raised concerns about the project.

Seibert said the European Union was in talks with Russia to ensure that Ukraine continues to play a role in the lucrative energy transit business even after Nord Stream 2 was completed.

Asked if Russia had signaled a willingness in the talks to fulfill European demands that Ukraine remained a conduit for Russian gas to Europe, Seibert said: “The talks have not concluded.”

Merkel and German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas met Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Berlin last month, along with the head of Russian’s military general staff, Valery Gerasimov.

South Africa’s top court orders Zuma-appointed chief prosecutor to…

JOHANNESBURG ( ) – South Africa’s Constitutional Court 上海419论坛on Monday ruled the appointment of the chief prosecutor, who was given his job after former president Jacob Zuma removed his predecessor, was invalid and ordered that he be replaced within 90 days.

Shaun Abrahams was appealing against an earlier High Court judgment that ruled that the removal of predecessor Mxolisi Nxasana was unlawful and that his own appointment be revoked.

Zuma faced a string of corruption allegations during his time in office, and Abrahams was accused by the opposition and rights groups of shielding the president from prosecution.

Zuma has denied wrongdoing and Abrahams denies protecting him from prosecution.

“Zuma’s removal of Nxasana was an abuse of power. Abrahams was a beneficiary of an abuse of power,” Judge Mbuyiseli Madlanga, who criticized Zuma for buying Nxasana out of office with a 17 million rand ($1 million) payout.

“The inference is inescapable that he was buying Mr Nxasana out of office.”

Zuma, whose nine years in power were marked by economic stagnation and credit rating downgrades, resigned as President in February, reluctantly heeding orders from the ruling African National Congress.

The judge ordered that South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa appoint a National Director of Public Prosecutions within 90 days.

Abrahams, who had kept his post pending the appeal, was not in court. He had no immediate comment.

“He is disappointed but respects the decision of the highest court in the land,” said the National Prosecuting Authority’s (NPA) spokesman Luvuyo Mfaku said.

Several civil rights groups had asked the Constitutional Court to confirm to confirm the previous ruling, and remove Abrahams from office.

South Africa’s opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) said Zuma’s decision to appoint Abrahams as head of the NPA was nothing more than an attempt to prevent the prosecuting authority from reinstating cor,上海夜生活桑拿会所Nathaniel,ruption charges against him.

In March, Abrahams told a media conference that Zuma’s attempts to head off the charges hanging over him for more than a decade had failed.

He announced Zuma would face 16 charges of fraud, racketeering and money laundering relating to a $2.5 billion arms deal to buy European military hardware to upgrade South Africa’s armed forces after the end of ,上海夜网Bernadette,apartheid in 1994.

Zuma, who was ousted by the ruling party, denies any wrongdoing.

($1 = 14.5087 rand)